(Holy crap, who writes these titles?)
Two very low-calorie diets were studied, a low carb, high fat diet (LCHF), and a high carb, low fat diet (HCLF). The LCHF diet resulted in a greater weight loss than the HCLF diet during the 2-week observation period. Once the LCHF subjects returned to their regular, maintenance diet, they saw significant, rapid weight gain and urinary retention of sodium.
Fasting triglyceride and cholesterol levels declined to a greater extent following the high fat regimen. These changes reflected decrements in VLDL alone.